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Biorefinery PDF Print

Just as crude oil is refined to make numerous different products (fuel, plastics, chemical products, etc.) by analogy, a biorefinery separates and transforms biomass to produce compounds of interest to industry.
The processes must respect the principles of green chemistry, particularly in terms of sustainability, on issues such as limiting pollution, reducing energy expenditure, using renewable raw materials, etc.
As sugarcane produces high levels of biomass and requires few inputs, it is an ideal plant for use in biorefineries. Apart from producing sugar as a food product, bagasse can be used to produce electricity, scum can be used as fertilizer and molasses for alcohol. In addition to the current ways of developing the commercial value of sugarcane, new paths are also being studied, such as biofuels, bioplastics, surface-active agents, etc.